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The best way to Inform Time in Korean: Every thing You Ought to Know!



Let’s learn to inform time in Korean! Everybody must know how one can speak about time, and Korean time is not any completely different. So I’ll train you all of the fundamentals on this article.

If you happen to’re a newbie, we’ll begin with reviewing Korean numbers, after which transfer on to telling time and dates. You then’ll study some necessary phrases so you can also make and keep on with appointments and meetups!

If you happen to’re questioning what time it’s in Korea in comparison with the place you’re at, Korea makes use of Korea Normal Time (KST). It’s 9 hours forward of UTC (Coordinated Common Time) and 14 hours forward of EST (Japanese Normal Time).

One different query you will have earlier than we get began: Does Korea use a 12 or 24-hour clock? Like in lots of components of the world, the 12-hour clock is most typical in Korea. However 24-hour clocks are used within the navy and time schedules (like on the airport, for instance).

Time’s a wastin’!

The best way to Say “Time” in Korean

“Time” in Korean is 시간 (sigan). “Hour” in Korean can be 시간 (sigan) or 시 (si). 시간 (sigan) is used for size of time, whereas 시 (si) is used to mark an hour (“o’clock”).

Listed below are some extra Korean time phrases to know:

  • Minute: 분 (bun)
  • Half/half-hour: 반 (ban)
  • Second: 초 (cho)
  • Day: 일 (il)
  • Week: 주 (ju) or 주간 (jugan)
  • Month: 월 (wol)
  • Yr: 년 (nyeon)
  • AM: 오전 (ojeon)
  • PM/Afternoon: 오후 (ohu)
  • Dawn: 새벽 (saebyeok)
  • Morning: 아침 (achim)
  • Midday/Lunchtime: 정오 (jeong-o) or 점심 (jeomsim)
  • Night: 저녁 (jeonyeok)
  • Evening: 밤 (bam)
  • Midnight: 자정, jajeong

The best way to Inform Time in Korean: Evaluation Korean Numbers

The best way to write time in Korean depends upon figuring out the Korean quantity programs! Sure, that’s proper – programs. Korean has two, the Native Korean numbers and the Sino-Korean numbers.

I defined all this in-depth in our information to Korean numbers, however right here’s a fast evaluate of 1 – 12.

Sino-Korean numbers:

  • 1: 일 (il)
  • 2: 이 (i)
  • 3: 삼 (sam)
  • 4: 사 (sa)
  • 5: 오 (o)
  • 6: 육 (yuk)
  • 7: 칠 (chil)
  • 8: 팔 (pal)
  • 9: 구 (gu)
  • 10: 십 (sip)
  • 11: 십일 (sibil)
  • 12: 십이 (sibi)

And the Native Korean numbers:

  • 1: 하나 (hana, however is normally shortened to 한 or han)
  • 2: 둘 (dul)
  • 3: 셋 (set)
  • 4: 넷 (internet)
  • 5: 다섯 (daseot)
  • 6: 여섯 (yeoseot)
  • 7: 일곱 (ilgop)
  • 8: 여덟 (yeodeol)
  • 9: 아홉 (ahop)
  • 10: 열 (yeol)
  • 11: 열하나 (yeolhana)
  • 12: 열둘 (yeoldul)

So right here’s the place issues get a bit tough at first. You’ll use the Native Korean numbers (hana, dul, set) for hours. And also you’ll use the Sino-Korean numbers (il, i, sam) for minutes and seconds, in addition to days/weeks/months/years.

Korean Time Grammar: What You Must Know

Okay, so how will we put all this collectively?

Let’s begin with hours. First, you’ll mix your Native Korean quantity with the phrase for hour, 시 (si). Listed below are some examples:

  • 1 o’clock: 한 시 (han si)
  • 5 o’clock: 다섯 시 (daseot si)
  • 12 o’clock: 열두 시 (yeoldu si – be aware you drop the ultimate batchim, “l”)

Received the dangle of it? Cool. Now let’s check out minutes. This time, we’ll be utilizing the Sino-Korean numbers:

  • 10 minutes: 십분 (sip bun)
  • quarter-hour: 십오분 (sipo bun)
  • half-hour: 삼십분 (samsip bun) or 반 (ban, “half”)
  • 45 minutes: 사십오분 (sasipo bun)

Keep in mind, we stack the numbers to create what we want. So “40” is “4 + 10” and “15” is “10 + 5”.

Now let’s put all of it collectively:

  • 1:10: 한 시 십 분 (hansip sip bun)
  • 5:15: 다섯 시 십오 분 (daseot si sipo bun)
  • 7:30: 일곱 시 반 (ilgop si ban) or 일곱 시 삼십 분 (ilgopsi samsip bun)
  • 12:45: 열두 시 사십오 분 (yeoldu si sasipo bun)

Now for a little bit of the grammar. If you wish to add “AM” or “PM”, it must go earlier than the time, not after. For instance:

  • 1:10pm: 오후 한 시 십 분 (ohu hansip sip bun)
  • 5am: 오전 다섯 시 (ojeon daseot si)

You’ll use the Korean particle 에 (e) if you wish to speak about a time when one thing occurs. Like this:

오전 9시에 일하러 가요.<br>
Ojeon ahopsi-e ilhareo gayo.<br>
“I am going to work at 9am.”

Speaking About Days, Weeks, Months and Years in Korean

Now that we will inform time, let’s speak about larger items of time: days of the week and dates on a calendar.

The months of the yr are:

  • January: 일월 (irwol)
  • February: 이월 (iwol)
  • March: 섬월 (samwol)
  • April: 서월 (sawol)
  • Could: 오월 (owol)
  • June: 유월 (yuwol)
  • July: 칠월 (chirwol)
  • August: 팔월 (parwol)
  • September: 구시월 (guwol)
  • October: 시월 (siwol)
  • November: 십일월 (sibirwol)
  • December: 십이월 (sibiwol)

You might discover that the months are simply the Sino-Korean quantity + 월, wol, for months.

The times of the month are the identical. They’re the Sino-Korean quantity + 일, il:

  • 1일, ilil: First of the month
  • 10일, sibil: Tenth of the month
  • 25일, isiboil: Twenty-fifth of the month

For years, you’ll use numbers right here as properly. “Thousand” in Korean is 천, cheon. And “hundred” is 백, baek.

  • 1999: 1999년 in writing, pronounced 천구백구십구년, cheon gubaek gusibgu nyeon
  • 2022: 2022년 in writing, pronounced 이천이십이, icheon isibi nyeon

And the times of the week are:

  • Monday: 월요일 (wollyoil)
  • Tuesday: 화요일 (hwayoil)
  • Wednesday: 수요일 (suyoil)
  • Thursday: 목요일 (mogyoil)
  • Friday: 금요일 (geumyoil)
  • Saturday: 토요일 (toyoil)
  • Sunday: 일요일 (illyoil)

(By the way in which, we’ve got an entire information to days of the week in Korean if you wish to study extra!)

If you put all of it collectively, you’ll write the yr first, then the month, then the day and day of the week. So it’ll appear like this:

오늘은 2022년 5월 4일 화요일이에요.<br>
Oneul-eun icheon isibi nyeon owol sail hwayoil ieyo.<br>
“As we speak is Tuesday, Could 4th, 2022.”

Lastly, listed here are some useful time-related vocab for speaking about days, weeks, months, and years:

  • As we speak: 오늘, oneul
  • Tomorrow: 내일, naeil
  • Yesterday: 어제, eoje
  • Day after tomorrow: 모레, extra
  • Two days in the past: 이틀 전, iteul jeon
  • This week: 이번 주, ibeon ju
  • Final week: 지난주, jinanju
  • Subsequent week: 다음주, da-eumju
  • The week after subsequent: 다 다음주, da da-eumju
  • Two weeks in the past: 이주 전, iju jeon
  • This yr: 올해, olhae
  • Subsequent yr: 내년, naenyeon
  • Final yr: 작년, jagnyeon
  • In two years: 이년 후, inyeon hu
  • Two years in the past: 이년 전, inyeon jeon
  • Now: 지금, jigeum
  • Earlier than: 전에, jeon-e
  • Later: 나중, najung
  • Earlier: 더 일찍, deo iljjik

You’ve realized how one can speak about time and dates now, so now you might want to know how one can ask about time! These widespread questions might be good ones to memorize.

“What time is it proper now?” in Korean is 지금 몇 시지? (jigeum myeot siji?) or 지금 몇 시예요 (jigeum myeot siyeyo) for extra well mannered conditions. For simply “What time is it?” in Korean, drop 지금 (jigeum) so it’s simply 몇 시예요? (myeot siyeyo)

Listed below are another questions you may need to ask:

  • “What time lets meet?” – 몇 시에 만날까요?, myeot si-e mannalkkayo?
  • “What time is the live performance?” – 콘서트는 몇 시입니까?, konseoteu-neun myeot siimnikka?
  • “What time is…” – …몇시입니까?, myeot siimnikka?
  • “When?” – 언제, eonje
  • “When is it?” – 그게 언제에요?, geuge eonje-eyo?
  • “When is your birthday?” – 당신의 생일은 언제입니까?, dangsin-ui saengil-eun eonje imnikka?
  • “When do you go to work?” – 언제 일하러 가니?, eonje ilhareo gani?

If you wish to know how one can say “this complete time” in Korean, you need to use 내내 (naenae, “on a regular basis”) or 종일 (jong-il, “all day”). For example, 내내 일했어요 (naenae ilhaesseoyo), “I labored this complete time.”

One other comparable assertion you may need to make associated to time is “very long time no see” in Korean. That’s 오랜만이에요 (oraenmanieyo, formal) or 오랜만이야 (oraenmaniya, casual).

Time to Wrap Up This Korean Lesson

You probably did it! You realized how one can inform time in Korean. Right here’s a fast evaluate:

  • Hours in Korean use the Native Korean quantity system.
  • Minutes, seconds, dates and months use the Sino-Korean quantity system.
  • “AM” and “PM” come earlier than the time, not after.
  • Use 반 (ban) to say “half hour”.
  • When saying or writing dates, it goes [year] [month] [date] [day].
  • Ask “What time is it?” with 지금 몇 시지? (jigeum myeot siji?)
  • “When is it?” is 그게 언제에요? (geuge eonje-eyo?)

Now a very powerful factor to do is follow! It may be arduous to recollect the Native-Korean-then-Sino-Korean-Numbers change from hours to minutes – so follow makes good.

Apply telling your self the time. Write the date and time in hangul. The extra you follow, the sooner you’ll grasp telling time in Korean!

Able to study extra? Listed below are another Korean guides to degree up with:

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