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An Introductory Information to Spanish-Talking Nations (Enjoyable Information and Expressions Included!)



Spanish has 463 million native audio system, the second highest quantity after Chinese language. And it’s the 4th most spoken language (after English, Chinese language and Hindi-Urdu).

It’s additionally one of many 6 official languages of the United Nations, and about 75 million individuals communicate Spanish as a second language.

Questioning what dialect of Spanish it is best to study and what’s most spoken? Nicely, Mexican Spanish has the very best variety of audio system, making up 20% of complete Spanish audio system. However any dialect of Spanish could be understood by others.

Listing of Spanish-Talking Nations

So we already answered, “What number of Spanish-speaking nations are there?” There are 20 Spanish-speaking nations, plus Puerto Rico. (So some say 21 nations, though Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of america).

So right here’s an inventory of all 21 locations you possibly can go and communicate Spanish with the natives:

  • Spain
  • Mexico
  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Cuba
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Puerto Rico
  • Peru
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela

Spanish Talking Nations: Be taught About Their Language, Flags, Capitals, and Extra!

Spain

  • Inhabitants: 47,450,795
  • Capital: Madrid

Enjoyable information:

  • Spain has a constitutional monarchy just like the UK. The present monarch is King Felipe VI.
  • Common Spanish dishes embrace paella, gazpacho, and jamón serrano
  • Each Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali are from Spain.
  • Spain’s well-known for its soccer (US: soccer) crew, Actual Madrid, and it’s System 1 racing
  • Spanish in Spain is named castellano, and it pronounces some sounds in another way. Notably, z, ci or ce are pronounced like “th”

Spain-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Qué chulo – “Cool” or “candy”
  • Molar – “To love”, additionally “to be cool”
  • Hostia – “Bloody hell”
  • Venga – “Come on”
  • Vale – “Okay”

Associated studying: 101 Core Spanish Phrases — The Most Frequent Spanish Phrases Used On a regular basis

Mexico

  • Inhabitants: 126,014,024
  • Capital: Mexico Metropolis

Enjoyable information:

  • Mexico has the world’s largest pyramid!! The pyramid of Cholula, which is definitely hidden beneath a mountain.
  • Mexico Metropolis was constructed over the ruins of an Aztec metropolis on a lake, Tenochtitlán. It sinks a little bit bit annually.
  • Coloration TV was invented by Guillermo Gonzalex Camarena in Guadalajara in 1940. He was solely 23 years outdated on the time.
  • Some common Mexican dishes are chilaquiles, elote, and tamales.

Mexico-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Pendejo – “Silly” or “asshole”
  • A huevo – “Hell yeah”
  • Buena onda – “Good vibes”
  • Güey – “Man”, “dude” or “mate”
  • No manches – “No approach”

Argentina

  • Inhabitants: 47,327,407
  • Capital: Buenos Aires

Enjoyable Information:

  • Argentina has each the very best level within the Southern Hemisphere (Mt. Aconcagua) and the bottom level (Laguna del Carbon).
  • Yerba mate is the preferred drink in Argentina, and has its personal tradition and etiquette
  • The biggest dinosaur ever found was discovered on a Patagonian farm by a employee in 2008! It’s although to be a titanosaur, however they’re nonetheless working to excavate it.
  • Argentina is known for it’s beef and steak, however undoubtedly additionally strive their empanadas, choripán, and provoleta.

Argentina-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Tener mala leche – “To have unhealthy luck” (Actually: “To have unhealthy milk”)
  • Boludo – “Dude”
  • Che – “Hey”
  • Estar al horno – Actually, “to be cooked in an oven”, however means one thing like “to be in serious trouble”
  • Tener fiaca – “To really feel lazy”

Associated studying: Studying Spanish in Argentina Was Key to My Fluency – Right here’s Why

Bolivia

  • Inhabitants: 11,428,245
  • Capital: La Paz

Enjoyable information:

  • La Paz is the official authorities capital, however Sucre is the constitutional/judicial capital.
  • There are solely two landlocked nations in South America, and Bolivia is one in every of them! It used to have a shoreline. However Chile was mad about taxes and needed the resource-rich space of the coast. So that they invaded the world throughout Carnaval when everybody in Bolivia was closely consuming (discuss some Purple Marriage ceremony sort technique!) and now they management the world.
  • Bolivia has some unusual vacationer points of interest, just like the San Pedro jail and the North Yungas Street for biking (which is nicknamed Demise Street).

Bolivia-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Pucha – An exclamation starting from “Hey!” to “Shit!”
  • Chela – “Beer”
  • Chupar – “To drink (alcohol)”
  • Elay puej – “Nicely, after all”
  • Paparupa – “Nonsense”

Chile

  • Inhabitants: 11,570,003
  • Capital: Santiago

Enjoyable information:

  • Chile is likely one of the main hotspots for earthquakes on the planet and had the most important recorded earthquake ever at 9.6 magnitude.
  • As such, Chile can be dwelling to a lot of volcanos. Round 2,900, in truth, with almost 100 nonetheless being energetic, within the Andes.
  • They’ve their very own tea time, known as as soon as (“eleven”), which takes place within the night and likewise has meals, dessert, and occasional.
  • The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on the planet that isn’t in a polar area. It attracts a variety of astronomers to this space for the clear climate, and likewise has the Valle de la Luna (“Moon Valley”) which is a gorgeous sight to see.

Chile-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Chachai – “You already know?”, “You get it?”
  • Bacán – “Cool” or “superior”
  • Caleta – “Lots”, “a lot”
  • Piola – “calm” or “quiet”
  • ¡Qué lata! – “How boring!”

Colombia

  • Inhabitants: 50,372,424
  • Capital: Bogotá

Enjoyable information:

  • The Caño Cristales river is all often known as the “Rainbow River” due to the vegetation, riverbed, and algae that bloom and alter colours. This doesn’t occur anyplace else on the planet – it’s distinctive to Columbia.
  • Columbia is likely one of the world’s largest flower producers! It has hundreds of varieties of orchids, a lot of that are native solely to Columbia.
  • Breakfast is HUGE. You’ll get beef, avocados, rice, beans, chorizo, eggs, plantains, arepa, and extra for a hearty breakfast.

Colombia-specific Spanish phrases:

  • ¿Quiubo? – “What’s up?”
  • Parce – “Dude”, “good friend”, “my man”
  • Vaina – “Thingy”
  • Rumbiar – “To go get together”
  • Tinto – “Black espresso”

Associated studying: Attention-grabbing and complicated points of Colombian Spanish

Costa Rica

  • Inhabitants: 5,094,118
  • Capital: San José

Enjoyable information

  • Costa Rica has no army! It was disbanded after a conflict in 1948. Now, they simply have native police and border patrol.
  • It’s one of many greenest nations on the planet, with 99% of all vitality coming from renewable sources.
  • Costa Rica has 28% of its land as nationwide parks and reserves, which include about 5% of the complete world’s biodiversity of animals.
  • The Whale Bay is a seashore that’s formed like a whale’s tail – and it’s additionally a fantastic spot to see some whales.

Costa Rica-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Pura vida – Actually, “pure life.” But it surely means the whole lot from “howdy”, “nice”, “thanks”, and “good to satisfy you”
  • Tuanis – “Superior,” “good”
  • Qué pereza – “What a drag/bummer”
  • Chunche – “Thingamabob”
  • Harina – “Dough,” “cash”

Associated studying: Spanish Accents and Dialects Across the World

Cuba

  • Inhabitants: 11,113,215
  • Capital: Havana

Enjoyable information:

  • Cuba nonetheless has a variety of older basic vehicles! As a result of an embargo up to now, they nonetheless drive these vehicles right this moment.
  • Wifi and cell service are nonetheless laborious to come back by besides in designated hotspots, which you’ll should pay for entry to.
  • Cuba has been closely influenced by African tradition from the colonial period, and has impacted Cuban music and faith. Santeria is the second largest faith there, after Catholicism.

Cuba-specific Spanish phrases:

  • ¿Qué bolero? – “What’s up?”
  • Jamar – “To eat”
  • Pinchar – “To work”
  • Máquina – “Automobile”
  • Chévere – “Cool”

Dominican Republic

  • Inhabitants: 10,694,700
  • Capital: Santo Domingo

Enjoyable information:

  • Baseball is tremendous common within the Dominican Republic! Many well-known Main League gamers are from right here.
  • Time is a suggestion right here. Culturally, many Dominicans don’t stress about time and punctuality.
  • Merengue, the music and dance type, come from the Dominican.
  • It has a few of the cleanest and most lovely seashores on the planet!

Dominican Republic-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Bacano – “Wonderful,” “cool”
  • Pana – “Buddy,” “pal”
  • Alebrescado – “To be excited”
  • Chin – “A little bit bit”
  • ¿Qué lo wha? – “What’s up?”

Associated studying: 50+ Should Know Caribbean Spanish Expressions (You’ll Solely Hear These within the Caribbean)

Ecuador

  • Inhabitants: 17,715,822
  • Capital: Quito

Enjoyable information:

  • Ecuador was as soon as a part of the Inca Empire, and when the Spaniards got here, they captured the Incan Emperor right here.
  • That is in all probability apparent, however the equator runs by way of Ecuador! Due to that, day and evening is cut up into 12 hours every and doesn’t actually change.
  • Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador is the closest spot on Earth to the solar.
  • Darwin’s concept of evolution was based mostly on his analysis on the Galapagos Islands.

Ecuador-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Chiro – “Broke (no cash)”
  • Caleta – Actually “cove”, however used to say “dwelling”
  • Porfis – “Please”
  • ¡Qué huevada! – “What a bum!” or “What a bunch of crap!”
  • Caramba – An exclamation of shock or irritation

Associated studying: Sound Cool in Spanish with these 40+ Spanish Slang Phrases

El Salvador

  • Inhabitants: 6,830,000
  • Capital: San Salvador

Enjoyable information:

  • El Salvador makes use of US {dollars} as its forex, which makes it simple when you’re travelling from the US to this Central America nation!
  • Browsing is common right here, with individuals coming from all around the world to attend surf competitions.
  • It has 20 volcanoes within the nation, however solely two are energetic.

El Salvador-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Bajonear – “To eat” (extra like, “to throw down” on the dinner desk)
  • Aguja – “Centered”, “ready”
  • Chivo – “Implausible”
  • Pisto – “Cash”
  • Vea – “For actual”

Equatorial Guinea

  • Inhabitants: 1,468,777
  • Capital: Malabo presently, however shifting to Oyala

Enjoyable information:

  • That is the one African nation to have Spanish as an official language! It’s because it was a Spanish colony till 1968.
  • Sadly, a not so enjoyable reality – Equatorial Guinea has a few of the worst human rights on the planet on account of its authoritarian authorities, being ranked “least free” by the Freedom of the World survey.
  • It’s one of many richest nations in Africa, regardless of its small measurement, on account of its oil manufacturing. However weath inequality is excessive. The vast majority of individuals residing in poverty, with out clear consuming water and correct well being care.

Equatorial Guinea-specific Spanish phrases:

  • La tori – “Gossip” (pronounce it prefer it has a double “r” although!)
  • ¿Ustin? – “What?”
  • Antéose – “I don’t know”
  • La chacra – “Messy”
  • Xium – “Wow!”

Guatemala

  • Inhabitants: 17,263,239
  • Capital: Guatemala Metropolis

Enjoyable information:

  • Guatemala means “land of many timber” within the indigenous language of Nahuatl.
  • The CIA overthrew the federal government! In 1954, democratically elected socialist President Jacobo Árbenz was overthrown in a coup that the CIA helped make occur.
  • Lake Atitlan is the deepest lake in Central America.

Guatemala-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Aquas – “Look out!”
  • Clavo – “(There’s a) drawback” (however it actually means “nail”)
  • A huevos – “For positive”
  • Chilero – “Superior”
  • Cabal – “(One thing is) spot on”

Associated studying: Mayan Languages: How I Discovered to Converse Tz’utujil in Guatemala

Honduras

  • Inhabitants: 10,278,345
  • Capital: Tegucigalpa

Enjoyable information:

  • Honduras’ Caribbean coast is dwelling to the second-largest coral reef on the planet, after the Nice Barrier Reef in Australia
  • You’ll be able to discover the Copan Mayan Ruins right here, the place most of our data of the Mayans comes from.
  • Be careful for snakes! Honduras has a number of sorts of venomous snakes, together with the Center American Rattlesnake.

Honduras-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Maje – “Dude”, “bro”
  • Pulpería – “Nook store”
  • Fresa – “Caught up”
  • ¡Qué Pepsi! – “How Pepsi!”, “How cool!”
  • Pijin – “Occasion”

Nicaragua

  • Inhabitants: 6,486,201
  • Capital: Managua

Enjoyable information:

  • The primary feminine head of state in the whole Americas is Violeta Chamorro, who was president of Nicaragua from 1990 to 1997.
  • It’s sadly one of many poorest nations on the planet, together with Haiti.
  • Navigating the streets could be tough, as a result of there aren’t any road names or constructing numbers!

Nicaragua-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Salvaje – “That’s wild,” “Superior”
  • No hay falla – “Don’t fear about it”
  • Chunchada – “Stuff,” “factor”
  • ¿Quiubole? – “What’s up?”
  • ¿Ideay? – “After which what occurred?”

Panama

  • Inhabitants: 4,379,039
  • Capital: Panama Metropolis

Enjoyable information:

  • Panama was the primary nation outdoors of the US to promote Coca-Cola.
  • It’s the one place on the planet the place you possibly can see the solar rise over the Pacific Ocean and set over the Atlantic.
  • Murphy’s Legislation? Yeah, Edward Murphy Jr., who got here up with it, was born right here. (So was Senator John McCain.)

Panama-specific Spanish phrases:

  • ¿Qué xopá? – “What’s up?”
  • Ayala vida – An expression of shock or irritation, “Oh my gosh!”
  • Pinta – “Beer”
  • Buco – “Lots”
  • Ofi – “Okay”

Associated studying: 101 Frequent Spanish Phrases to Begin Talking Spanish Proper Now

Paraguay

  • Inhabitants: 7,359,000
  • Capital: Asunción

Enjoyable information:

  • They’ve two official languages: Spanish and the native Guaraní, and each languages are spoken by nearly everybody. The 2 languages usually get combined.
  • Paraguay is landlocked, but has the most important navy of any landlocked nation on the planet.
  • There are many endangered animals right here, just like the jaguar and large armadillo.

Paraguay-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Purete – “No drawback”
  • Chake – “Look out!”
  • Ven na – “Come please”
  • Quitar – “To take”
  • Ni loco – “No approach”

Puerto Rico

  • Inhabitants: 3,285,874
  • Capital: San Juan

Enjoyable information:

  • Puerto Rico isn’t its personal nation, nor a US state, however a US territory. This implies they don’t get a say within the US legislature regardless of being ruled by them. Regardless of that, it’s usually acknowledged as its personal entity, comparable to having its personal Olympic crew.
  • Take a look at the biluminescent waters at Solar Bay Seaside! The plankton there glow blue at evening.
  • They’ve an enormous cave community of greater than 200 caves.

Puerto Rico-specific Spanish phrases:

  • ¡Qué jartera! – “I’m so full/happy!”
  • Chacho – “Oh boy”
  • ¡Coño! – “Rattling!”
  • Gufear – “To have enjoyable”
  • Mano/mana – “Brother/sister,” brief for hermano/hermana

Associated studying: The ten Greatest Methods to Be taught Spanish (Be Fluent Quicker!)

Peru

  • Inhabitants: 34,294,231
  • Capital: Lima

Enjoyable information:

  • Peru is dwelling to the well-known Machu Picchu, the Misplaced Metropolis of the Incas.
  • The Amazon River begins in Peru close to Machu Picchu within the Andes. The Amazon Rainforest makes up 60% of the nation.
  • There are pink dolphins within the Amazon River in Peru!

Peru-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Chamba – “Work”
  • Paja – “Cool,” “superior”
  • ¡Qué roche! – “What a disgrace!”
  • Latear – “Stroll”
  • Jama – “Meals”

Uruguay

  • Inhabitants: 3,518,552
  • Capital: Montevideo

Enjoyable information:

  • Uruguay is the least corrupt nation in Latin America and ranked twenty third on the planet by the World Corruption Perceptions Index.
  • It has the longest nationwide anthem on the planet, at 6 minutes lengthy.
  • It’s essentially the most secular nation in Latin America, with no state faith and even renamed holidays to be extra inclusive.

Uruguay-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Salado – “Wonderful,” “unimaginable,” “powerful”
  • Bo – “Hey”
  • Bárbaro – “Nice”
  • Matear – “Consuming mate tea”
  • Pila – “Lots”

Venezuela

  • Inhabitants: 28,199,867
  • Capital: Caracas

Enjoyable information:

  • You’ll discover the Angel Falls right here, the very best uninterrupted waterfall on the planet.
  • Lake Maracaibo is the lightning capital of the world, with greater than 1 million lightning strikes per yr.
  • Venezuela has a variety of political instability, hyper inflation, and is listed as probably the most harmful nations on the planet.

Venezuela-specific Spanish phrases:

  • Dale – “Alright”
  • Tal cual – “Like that,” “how it’s”
  • Chevere – “Nice”
  • Enratonado/a – “Hungover”
  • Ladilla – “Annoying”

Associated studying: 10 Good Causes to Be taught Spanish

Nations in Spanish

Okay, we’ve coated the place Spanish is spoken and discovered a bit about their tradition and dialects. Now let’s discuss some useful phrases and phrases associated to nations and asking the place persons are from.

“Nation” in Spanish is país and “nations” is países. Listed here are some useful phrases to know:

  • “The place are you from?” – ¿De dónde eres?
  • “What nation are you from?” – ¿De qué país eres?
  • “The place do you reside?” – ¿Donde vives?
  • “The place did you develop up?” – ¿Dónde creciste?
  • “I’m from ____” – Yo soy de ___
  • “I’m (nationality)” – Yo soy ____

And right here is the way you say nations in Spanish:

  • Egypt: Egipto
  • England: Inglaterra
  • France: Francia
  • Germany: Alemania
  • Italy: Italia
  • Kenya: Kenia
  • Japan: Japón
  • Mexico: México
  • Philippines: Filipinas
  • Russia: Russia
  • Scotland: Escosia
  • South Korea: Corea del Sur
  • Spain: España
  • Sweden: Suecia
  • Thailand: Tailandia
  • Ukraine: Ucrania
  • United States: Estados Unidos

Discover Spanish Nations!

Did this spark an curiosity to discover a Spanish-speaking nation you by no means thought of earlier than? You’ll be able to take your Spanish a lot farther than simply Spain and Mexico.

Pleased adventures!

When you’re able to study extra Spanish, take a look at these articles:

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